Where are we? We are in the universe in a galaxy called the Milky Way, on a planet called Earth, on a continent called North America, in a country called the United States of America, in a state called California, in a city called Walnut Creek/Antioch. By moving from the general to the specific, a child learns his/her place in the universe.

We start teaching geography with the simple concept of water and land, using a globe with blue water and sandpaper continents that the children actually feel. We move on to a globe where the continents are distinguished with color; next is a map of the world and then separate maps of each continent. Excitement builds with each new continent introduced. What kinds of animals live here? Are there mountains? Does it rain all the time? What kind of food do they grow? Do the children go to a school like ours?


Beginning with the concepts of yesterday, today and tomorrow, children begin to understand the passage of time. The timeline, a fundamental Montessori apparatus, can be utilized to illustrate any progression of events.

Children learn about the past through stories of historical figures and how their bravery or accomplishments helped create the world we live in today.


Children are introduced to basic concepts and classification of the natural world. Through hands on experiences and experimentation, the sense of wonder and understanding about the world around us unfolds.

Animals in the classroom bring out a child’s natural curiosity, leading to exciting lessons in biology and zoology. Why doesn’t our snake have legs? How can a snake without legs move faster than a turtle that has four? Why do some of our pets eat only vegetables? Montessori teachers are continually creating new curriculum based on the curiosity of their students.